Monday, January 28, 2013

How to make weathering using oil paints

Today I will tell you how to use oil paints to do damage, etc.

At the beginning we need to varnish the model with double satin or glossy varnish. This will protect you from unwanted effects on the model, create a shell on which the wash will be better distributed, and most importantly allow us to wipe off the paint when the result will be unsatisfying.
When the model is already varnished, we can prepare the oil paint.
The basis for using oil paint is thinner, I use "white spirit" but you can also use another.
Oil paints give us the opportunity to use them in two ways: as a wash or denser to do damage, splintering and stains.

Used components.

                                                      Elements of glossy varnish painted.

We start from the wash, paint diluted to a very thin consistency and applied on varnished model. Wash will spread freely in the recesses of the model, and the residue can be easily removed using  cotton buds, soaked in diluent.
 This is a fairly easy and fast washing technique which gives the possibility to correct the mistakes.
 If necessary, you can remove the whole wash.

Ready black wash.

Washed elements.

The second way we can do damage to the casing and other metal components and chips, scratches and stain (I'll talk about stains later)
The advantage of oil paints is that they mix well on the model, and you can create a light structure of corrosion. Rust in nature is not "flat" but slightly convex, and with this technology we can get that effect.
I will not suggest what colors to use because it is an individual thing, it's important to start with the darkest color, which should be quite thick. Oil paint dries very slowly, so we have time to apply a second coat of paint thinner and lighter. What's important is to paint thinner layers, which will allow us to more easily mix with the already placed layer. If you think that the two layers are enough just end at this point. I decided to add in some places, a third layer, the brightest and less dense than the other. for more demanding edges can select the color white or something very light.
Same as with Wash, unsuccessful result of our work,can be at any time removed and then repainted.

                                                                           Step 1
 Only used brown paint.

Step 2

I used a mixture of colors - brown and dark red

                                                                             Step 3

I added orange paint.

Finished parts.

Finally- stains. Making them is not difficult, and the result is really satisfying because of the very natural look.We need to make them lightly thinned, painted in the exact color in which you want them to be, because there will be no possibility to change them.
With paint a small point at the place where you want to begin your stain. Then, take a larger brush soaked in thinner, lightly filtered, and drag from our point of paint towards down. You should get a nice stain. if it does not suit us wipe it, and do all over again.
Length of stains depends on the amount of paint that will do the starting point, the more it will be longer. Really, it is not difficult, you should feel the amount of paint and thinner on the brush and practice, the effects will satisfy you.

Finished elements

If in doubt, just ask.
Have a nice painting.



  1. Beautiful.. just picked up some Oil paints to do washes, but seeing the damage and stains as well.. fantastic.. will be giving this a go in the future indeed. Thanks!

  2. Good work! You Can also buy ready-made washes, for example AK Interactive ( with different colors:

  3. Very nice tutorial. Thanks for sharing